Attitudes towards People and Things from Other Cultures (APTOC): Development of a Scale that Measures Intercultural Competence of Syrians Who Reside in Germany

Authors

  • Hateem al Khuja Åbo Akademi University, Vasa, Finland

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26417/ejser.v7i1.p51-58

Keywords:

Intercultural Competence, Openness to Other Cultures, Global Mindset, Narrow Mindset, Syrians in Germany

Abstract

The aim of the study was to develop and validate a scale that measures the level of intercultural competence of Syrians who reside in Germany in order to shed light on patterns and behaviours that are practiced by them in a different culture. The starting point was Cushner’s 32-item Inventory of Cross-cultural Sensitivity, which in its original form includes 5 subscales. Based on Cushner’s ICCS, a 20-item scale, here referred to as Attitudes towards People and Things from Other Cultures (APTOC), was constructed and tested with 308 respondents. After factor and internal consistency analyses, the 20-item scale APTOC was reduced to a 15-item scale consisting of 3 subscales, namely Openness to Other Cultures (5 items, alpha = .73), Global Mindset (5 items, alpha = .83) and Narrow Mindset (5 items, alpha = .70). It is recommended to conduct similar procedures following the same approach when choosing a different population than Syrians who reside in a European nation.

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Published

2020-02-10

How to Cite

Kaj, & Khuja, H. al. (2020). Attitudes towards People and Things from Other Cultures (APTOC): Development of a Scale that Measures Intercultural Competence of Syrians Who Reside in Germany. European Journal of Social Science Education and Research, 7(1), 51–58. https://doi.org/10.26417/ejser.v7i1.p51-58