Prevalence of Oral Habits in Dentalanomalies

Authors

  • Rozela Xhemnica PhD, University of Medicine of TiranaFaculty of Dental Medicine

Keywords:

malocclusion, oral habits, developing, preventive, dental anomalies.

Abstract

There are a lot of oral habits in which are included even non-nutritional habits. The role of these habits has been evidenced in the development of different malocclusion in each plane, vertical, transversal and sagittal ones. The reason why habits can cause such problems is based on equilibrium theory. The main purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence of non-nutritional habits and their effect development of dental anomalies. The method of this study was descriptive in prospectively. Its duration was 20 months. The age of children taken in this study vary from 6 to 15 years old and was selected casually at clinics of “University of Mother of Good Council” and two private clinics. Results we were able to fill the questionnaires of 194 patients in which 50.3% of them were females and 43.1% of them were males. According to the age of children, there was a frequency of 46.7% of 6-10 years old children and 53.3% of 11-15 years old ones. Results on the frequency of non-nutritive habits were about 64% of fake pacifier usage, in which there was a variety of percentage of time when it was used. Meanwhile, thumb sucking resulted in 10.20 % of results, lip biting or sucking 7.10%. Conclusions: This group age was very often in predisposition to have such habits. Our results confirm the impact of these habits in the development of different malocclusions. We recommend applying preventive strategies so we can avoid the installation of these habits and such malocclusions.

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Published

2021-09-29