The Sharing Economy at Tourist Tours and Its Impact on the Tourist Business (Travel Agencies) in Bulgaria


  • Mariana Ianeva Ph. D. Student Ralitsa Georgieva, University of World and National Economy, Department “Economics of tourism”, Sofia, Bulgaria



sharing economy, tourist business, travels


This paper examines the sharing economy and the application of its manifestations in the field of business as a whole and in particular- at the tourism sector in Bulgaria. Identified are theories, regarding the technology of the sharing economy, that are also being studied by foreign researchers in order to differentiate its specificity and to illustrate its impact on diverse aspects of business. The development of the collaborative consumption also determines a restructuring of the tourist market and imposes changes in the demand for tourist product. A result of the opportunities it offers is the emergence of unpredictability at the consumer’s behavior- tourists are looking for a new type of product to be created for their individual needs. Improving the link between the client and the others, involved at the creation of a tourist package, as well as offering new and diverse tourist products are presented as a way to respond to the current demand changes. Outlined are trends in the formation of a new tourist product, adapted to the contemporary consumer’s needs. The paper analyzes the impact of the sharing economy on indicators, measuring changes of the attitude of tourists, connected to the preferred ways of travelling. Relatively to the examined subject, it is also researched the behavior of the Bulgarian tour operators, aimed at preserving and expanding their market positions. It is proved the need to adapt the product policy of the travel agencies to the outlined economic situation, in order to achieve sustainable development and competitiveness.