Challenges of Albanian Migrants - Integration of Migrant Children in Albanian Education System


  • Majlinda Peza Assoc. Prof. Dr., Aleksander Xhuvani University, Durres, Albania
  • E.Limaj PhD, Albanian University, Tirana, Albania


integration, migrant, education, children, challenges


Migration has been at the center of academic and political debate in the recent years. Albanians are among the biggest flows of immigrants moving to Europe from the beginning of 1990s. Various crises in Europe have forced Albanian emigrants living and working abroad to return home due to difficulties in their residence countries. But their return is not as simple as it seems, because they would have to start over again from the beginning. The scope of this work is to offer a panorama on the situation of migration flow of Albanians and problems faced by migrants upon returning home in order to offer recommendations to make their integration easier. Does the integration system work for them? This research will also make evident the problems concerning integration of migrant children and address integration issues of their situation in Albanian schools, faced in particular during their enrolment in various education levels. Data from the Albanian Ministry of Education and Institute of Statistics, as well as information offered by IOM and other relevant international organization, will be used to make evident all the issues concerning the integration of migrants and their children. This work shall fill the gap of studies about migrant integration and integration of Albanian children after immigration of their parents.


Danaj.S, Caro. E “Becoming an EU citizen through Italy: the experience of Albanian Immigrants, Mondi Migranti, 3/2016

DG EAC. 2009. “Migration & Mobility: Challenges and opportunities for EU education systems”: The Green Paper and results of the public consultation. European Union. As of 26 August 2016

Europe 2020 – A European Strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth http://ec/

European Commission (2015) ´Immigration in the EU.´ Eurostat 10/06/2015. As of 26 august 2016:

Eurostat 2015. Statistic data based on the variable ‘Population on 1 January by five year age group, sex and country of birth (migr_pop3ctb).’ As of 26 August 2016:ë.do? dataset=migr_pop3ctb&lang=en

Eurydice (2009) Tackling Social and Cultural Inequalities through early childhood education and care in Europe, Brussels.

Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (2018) New Trends in Potential Migration from Albania

Haas. H, Natter. K, Vezzoli.S “Growing restrictiveness or changing selection? The nature and evolution of Migration policies”, International Migration Review, Fall 2016 1/44

Heckmann F. (2008) Education and Integration of Migrants, NESSE Analytical Report for the OECD Project on the Development of Value-added models in education system

INSTAT (2011) Migration in Albania, the Census

OECD and EU 2015 ‘Indicators of Immigrant Integration 2015: Settling In’ OECD 2 July. As of 26 august 2016

Revision of World Population Prospect (2017) UN report of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs

Strategjia Kombwtare pwr Migracionin dhe Plani kombwtar I veprimit 2019-2022, f.18.

The report “Working together for local integration of migrants and refugees”, a joint initiative of European Commission and OECD, 18 April 2018




How to Cite

Peza, M., & Limaj, E. (2023). Challenges of Albanian Migrants - Integration of Migrant Children in Albanian Education System. European Journal of Social Science Education and Research, 10(1), 1–12. Retrieved from